Aeshma
   In ZOROASTRIANISM, the DEMON of wrath, rage, and fury. Aeshma’s epithet is “of the bloody mace.” He is the fiercest of demons and is responsible for all acts of aggression and malice, whether committed in war or drunkenness. He has seven powers that he can use for the destruction of humanity.
   In the hierarchy of Zoroastrian DAEVAs that mirrors a similar hierarchy of divinities, Aeshma is opposed to Asha Vahishta, the Amesha Spenta, or good spirit, who embodies Truth. Aeshma’s chief adversary is Sraosha (Obedience), the principle of religious devotion and discipline. Aeshma distracts people from proper worship. He interferes with the souls of the dead as they approach the Chinvat Bridge to the underworld.
   The creator God, Ahura Mazda (later Ohrmazd), created Sraosha to counter Aeshma’s mischief and protect people from his attacks. Sraosha ultimately will overthrow Aeshma. In medieval texts, Aeshma is made a commander of dark forces by Angra Mainyu (later AHRIMAN). He is swallowed by AZ, the demon of avarice. Aeshma can be driven away by the recitation of a prayer from the Vendidad, a Zoroastrian text. The demon ASMODEUS of Hebrew lore may be based in part on Aeshma.
   See Asmodeus

Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. . 2009.

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  • Aeshma — ( Aēšma ) is the Younger Avestan name of Zoroastrianism s demon of wrath. As a hypostatic entity, Aeshma is variously interpreted as wrath, rage, and fury. His standard epithet is of the bloody mace. Tri syllabic aeshma is already attested in… …   Wikipedia

  • Aeshma — Eine Darstellung des in der jüdischen Mythologie bekannten Asmodäus , einer verbalen Rezeption des Aeshma Daeva. Aeshma (avestisch: „Raserei“) ist ein Dämon aus dem Buch Avesta. In der zoroastrischen Tradition erscheint er in der mittelpersischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aeshma —    See Aesma …   Who’s Who in non-classical mythology

  • Asmodeus — (Aeshma, Ashmedai, Ashmodai, Asmoday, Asmodius, Hasmoday, Sydonay)    The DEMON of lust, the third of the SEVEN DEADLY SINS, and of jealousy, anger, and revenge, and the 32nd of the 72 SPIRITS OF SOLOMON.    Asmodeus’ chief objectives are to… …   Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology

  • Aesma — (Aeshma)    The Zoroastrian Daeva or evil spirit of wrath, to whom was applied the term ‘with the terrible spear’. He was the inspirer of vengeance and of perseverance in evil; he was third in the hierarchy of demons, his good opponent being… …   Who’s Who in non-classical mythology

  • Aeschma Daeva — Darstellung des Asmodis in Collin de Plancys Dictionnaire Infernal. Asmodis (gr.: Asmodaios, lat.: Asmodaeus, Asmodäus, hebr.: Aschmedai (Talmud)) ist ein Dämon aus der Mythologie des Judentums …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Asmodai — Darstellung des Asmodis in Collin de Plancys Dictionnaire Infernal. Asmodis (gr.: Asmodaios, lat.: Asmodaeus, Asmodäus, hebr.: Aschmedai (Talmud)) ist ein Dämon aus der Mythologie des Judentums …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Asmodaios — Darstellung des Asmodis in Collin de Plancys Dictionnaire Infernal. Asmodis (gr.: Asmodaios, lat.: Asmodaeus, Asmodäus, hebr.: Aschmedai (Talmud)) ist ein Dämon aus der Mythologie des Judentums …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Asmodis — Darstellung des Asmodis in Collin de Plancys Dictionnaire Infernal. Asmodis (gr.: Asmodaios, lat.: Asmodaeus, Asmodäus, hebr.: Aschmedai (Talmud)) ist ein Dämon aus der Mythologie des Judentums …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sraosha — is the Avestan language name of the Zoroastrian divinity of Obedience or Observance , which is also the literal meaning of his name. In the Middle Persian commentaries of the 9th 12th centuries, the divinity appears as S(a)rosh . This form… …   Wikipedia

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