daimon
   In Greek mythology, a type of spirit or intelligence between gods and humans. Daimon means “divine being.” Daimones can be either good or evil in nature, though even good ones will act in a hostile fashion when angered. A good daimon is called an agathodaimon and an evil daimon is called a kakodaimon. Christianity assigned all daimones and pagan deities to the infernal ranks of DEMONs. Daimones include various classes of entities, such as guardian spirits of places, tutelary spirits, genii, ministering spirits and demigods. They also have been associated with the souls of the dead and ghosts, stars and planets, and plants and minerals of the earth. They are ministering spirits (resembling angels), godlike beings, and souls of dead persons. Daimones can take over human bodies in the form of POSSESSION (especially for oracular prophecy) and possess humans to cause physical and mental illness. Some are vampiric in nature.
   GRIMOIRES for ceremonial MAGIC include instructions for evoking and commanding daimones.
   FURTHER READING:
   - Guiley, Rosemary Ellen. The Encyclopedia of Angels. 2nd ed. New York: Facts On File, 2004.
   - Luck, Goerg. Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. . 2009.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • DAÏMÔN — «Daïmôn» est un mot grec dont nous avons fait «démon », mot qui connote un seul aspect du «monde daïmonique»: un aspect d’ombre et de tentation. Cette réduction représente un appauvrissement considérable des expériences humaines que recouvre le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • daimon — transliteration of Gk. daimon lesser god, guiding spirit, tutelary deity, 1852; see DEMON (Cf. demon). Employed to avoid the post classical associations of that word …   Etymology dictionary

  • daimon — [dī′mōn΄] n. DAEMON daimonic [dī′män′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Daimon — Der Daimon (pl. Daimones, griechisch Δαίμων) eines Menschen ist in der griechischen Mythologie und Philosophie die Personifikation der Schicksalsbestimmung eines Menschen. Homer unterscheidet kaum zwischen Daimones und Göttern (θεοί), bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Daïmon — Familier (esprit) Pour les articles homonymes, voir génie et familier. Un génie familier, démon familier ou tout simplement familier est, dans bon nombre de croyances et de cultures, une entité bénéfique, imaginaire et invisible, à laquelle les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • daimon — noun (plural daimones or daimons) Etymology: Greek daimōn Date: 1769 1. demon 2 2. demon 3 • daimonic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • daimon — noun A tutelary spirit that guides a person; a genius. The object which first appears is adopted as the personal mystery, guardian spirit, or tutelary daimon of the entranced, and is never mentioned by him without first making a sacrifice …   Wiktionary

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