dybbuk
   In Jewish demonology, an evil spirit or doomed soul that possesses a person’s body and soul, speaking through the person’s mouth and causing such torment and anguish that another personality appears to manifest itself. The term dybbuk (also spelled dibbuk) was coined in the 17th century from the language of German and Polish Jews. It is an abbreviation of two phrases: dibbuk me-ru’ah (a cleavage of an evil spirit) and dibbuk min ha-hizonim (dibbuk from the demonic side of man). Prior to the 17th century, the dybbuk was one of many evil spirits call ibbur.
   In early folklore, dybbukim were thought only to inhabit the bodies of sick persons. Possessive evil spirits are referred to in the Old Testament. For example, Samuel I describes the possession of Saul and the way David exorcized the spirit by playing the harp. In the book of Tobit the archangel Raphael instructs Tobit in ways of EXORCISM. In the rabbinical literature of the first century, exorcisms called for the ashes of a red heifer, or the roots of certain herbs, to be burned under the victim, who was then surrounded with water. Other methods included incantations in the name of King SOLOMON, repetition of the Divine Name of God, reading from Psalms, and wearing herbal AMULETs.
   By the 16th century, the concept of possessive evil spirits changed. Many Jews believed the spirits were transmigrated souls that could not enter a new body because of their past sins and so were forced to possess the body of a living sinner. The spirits were motivated to possess a body because they were tormented by other evil spirits if they did not. Some thought the dybbukim were the souls of people who were not properly buried and, therefore, became demons.
   The KABBALAH contains rituals for exorcizing a dybbuk; many are still in use in modern times. The exorcism must be performed by a ba’al shem, a miracle-working rabbi. Depending on how the exorcism is done, the dybbuk either is redeemed or is cast into HELL. It usually exits the body of its victim through the small toe, which shows a small, bloody hole as the point of departure.
   FURTHER READING:
   - Winkler, Gershom. Dybbuk. New York: Judaica Press, 1982.

Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. . 2009.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dybbuk — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En el folklore judío, un dybbuk es un espíritu maligno capaz de poseer otras criaturas, se cree que es el alma en pena de un muerto. Se dice que los dybbuks escaparon del Gehena, término hebreo traducido algunas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • dybbuk — dyb buk (d[i^]b b[u^]k; Hebrew d[=e]*b[=oo]k ), n.; pl. {dybbuks}; Hebr. {dybbukim} (d[=e] b[=oo]k*[=e]m ). (Jewish folklore) the wandering soul of a dead person, or a demon, that enters the body of a living person and controls that body s… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dybbuk — 1903, malevolent spirit of a dead person possessing the body of a living one, from Jewish folklore, from Heb. dibbuk, from dabak to cling, cleave to …   Etymology dictionary

  • dybbuk — [dib′ək] n. [Heb dibbūq < dābhaq, to cleave, hold to] Jewish Folklore the spirit of a dead person that enters the body of a living person and possesses it …   English World dictionary

  • Dybbuk — For other uses, see Dybbuk (disambiguation). In Jewish folklore, a dybbuk (Yiddish: דיבוק, from Hebrew attachment) is a malicious or malevolent[1] possessing spirit believed to be the dislocated soul of a dead person.[2] Dybbuks are said to have… …   Wikipedia

  • Dybbuk — (DIB ick) Variations: Gilgul ( clinging soul ) The concept of the dybbuk first entered into Judaism by means of the mysticism that was practiced in the eighth century. Jews were forbidden to practice the art of mysticism for fear that it could… …   Encyclopedia of vampire mythology

  • dybbuk — Seph. Heb. /dee boohk /; Ashk. Heb., Eng. /dib euhk/, n., pl. dybbuks, dybbukim Seph. Heb. /dee booh keem /; Ashk. Heb. /di book im/. Jewish Folklore. a demon, or the soul of a dead person, that enters the body of a living person and directs the… …   Universalium

  • Dybbuk — Ein Dibbuk (auch Dybuk oder Dybbuk genannt; Pl. Dibbukim) ist nach jüdischem Volksglauben die Seele eines ehemals bösartigen oder verbohrten Toten. Diese Seele kann sich aufgrund ihrer Verfehlungen nicht von der irdischen Existenz trennen und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • dybbuk — En el folclore judío, un espíritu humano incorpóreo que debe vagar sin sosiego, agobiado por pecados anteriores, hasta que habita el cuerpo de una persona viva. La creencia en tales espíritus fue común en Europa oriental en los s. XVI–XVII. Las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • dybbuk —    (DIH buk) [Yiddish, from Hebrew] In Jewish folklore, the soul of a dead person that takes possession of a living person, or an evil spirit that acts similarly through a living being.    He becomes acquainted with her “homicidal hooded stare,”… …   Dictionary of foreign words and phrases

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”