Harlequin
   In European folklore, a GOBLIN figure whose name is sometimes synonymous with SATAN or the DEVIL.
   The origin of the name Harlequin is uncertain, and it has many variations of spellings, including erlequin, herlekin, hierlekin, hellequin, hennekin, and hellekin. Herlaken is used as the name for the Devil and the will-o’-the-wisp. Harlican appears in French folklore to describe both IMPs and troublesome children. The Hennekin, sometimes associated with incubi (see INCUBUS), dance at CROSSROADS at night. The Herlethingi are troops of night wanderers who are the dead. In England, such bands were described in the 11th and 12th centuries and sometimes comprised dead aristocrats. They also appeared at noontime. Harlequin (Helequin) is associated with the WILD HUNT as the leader of a pack of ghosts and DEMONs that ride through the air on stormy nights. Harlequin was a frequent clown character in the Italian improvisational theater called commedia dell’arte, popular in the 16th–18th centuries.
   FURTHER READING:
   - Remy, Nicholas. Demonolatry. Secaucus, N.J.: University Books, 1974.

Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. . 2009.

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  • Harlequin — (Arlecchino in Italian, Arlequin in French) is the most popular of the zanni or comic servant characters from the Italian Commedia dell Arte . OriginsThere are these theories about the origin of the term Harlequin: * Via Italian Arlecchino from… …   Wikipedia

  • Harlequin — Har le*quin (h[aum]r l[ e]*k[i^]n or kw[i^]n), n. [F. arlequin, formerly written also harlequin (cf. It, arlecchino), prob. fr. OF. hierlekin, hellequin, goblin, elf, which is prob. of German or Dutch origin; cf. D. hel hell. Cf. {Hell}, {Kin}.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Harlequin — Har le*quin, v. t. To remove or conjure away, as by a harlequin s trick. [1913 Webster] And kitten, if the humor hit Has harlequined away the fit. M. Green. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • harlequin — (n.) 1580s, from M.Fr. harlequin, from O.Fr. Herlequin, Hellequin, etc., leader of la maisnie Hellequin, a troop of demons who rode the night air on horses. He corresponds to O.E. Herla cyning King Herla, mythical character sometimes identified… …   Etymology dictionary

  • harlequin — ► NOUN (Harlequin) ▪ a mute character in traditional pantomime, typically masked and dressed in a diamond patterned costume. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ in varied colours; variegated. ORIGIN French, from earlier Herlequin, the leader of a legendary troop of… …   English terms dictionary

  • Harlequin — [här′li kwin, här′likin] n. [Fr harlequin, arlequin < OFr hierlekin, hellequin, demon: Fr sense & form infl. by It arlecchino < same OFr source] 1. a traditional comic character in pantomime, who wears a mask and spangled, diamond patterned …   English World dictionary

  • Harlequin — Har le*quin (h[aum]r l[ e]*k[i^]n or kw[i^]n), v. i. To play the droll; to make sport by playing ludicrous tricks. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Harlequin —    Film fantastique de Simon Wincer, avec Robert Powell, Carmen Dunca, David Hemmings.   Pays: Australie   Date de sortie: 1980   Technique: couleurs   Durée: 1 h 36    Résumé    Un inconnu pénètre dans la maison d un sénateur et redonne… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • harlequin — harlequinism, n. /hahr leuh kwin, kin/, n. 1. (often cap.) a comic character in commedia dell arte and the harlequinade, usually masked, dressed in multicolored, diamond patterned tights, and carrying a wooden sword or magic wand. 2. a buffoon. 3 …   Universalium

  • Harlequin — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Harlequin », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Harlequin, maison d édition spécialisée dans …   Wikipédia en Français

  • harlequin — /ˈhaləkwən/ (say hahluhkwuhn), / kwɪn/ (say kwin) noun 1. a buffoon. 2. any of various small, handsomely marked snakes. 3. → harlequin opal. –adjective 4. fancifully varied in colour, decoration, etc.: a harlequin pattern. 5. comprising a number… …   Australian English dictionary

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