Leviathan
   In Hebrew lore, primordial monster DEMON of the seas and king of beasts. Leviathan is described in the book of Job as a huge whalelike creature who is nearly invulnerable; spears do no more than tickle him:
   His back is made of rows of shields, Shut up closely as with a seal. . . . His sneezings flash forth light, And his eyes are like eyelids of the dawn. Out of the mouth go flaming torches; Sparks of fire leap forth. . . . In his neck abides strength, And terror dances before him.
   The book of Jonah tells about Jonah, who flees from God’s wrath across the sea toward the city of Tarshish. Along the way, God sends a tempest, and the ship’s crew find out that Jonah is the cause. They throw him overboard and he is swallowed by Leviathan. For three days, he is imprisoned in the belly of the beast, and then God forces Leviathan to vomit him up on land.
   John Milton, in his epic poem Paradise Lost, describes Leviathan as “the Arch-Fiend,” who lurks about the seas around Scandinavia. He would rise to the surface and fool sailors into thinking his huge bulk was actually land. When the ships were close, he would drag them down and sink them.
   Leviathan was one of the possessing demons named in the LOUDUN POSSESSIONS. He is ruler of Envy, the fourth of the SEVEN DEADLY SINS.
   In Hebrew lore, Leviathan has two aspects, male— Leviathon, the Slant Serpent—and female—LILITH, the Tortuous Serpent.
   See Behemoth.
   FURTHER READING:
   - Hyatt, Victoria, and Joseph W. Charles. The Book of Demons. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1974.
   - Koltuv, Barbara Black. The Book of Lilith. Berwick, Me.: Nicolas-Hays, 1986.

Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. . 2009.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leviathan — (Hebrew Name|לִוְיָתָן|Livyatan|Liwyāṯān| Twisted; coiled ) is a Biblical sea monster referred to in the Old Testament (Psalm 74:13 14; Job 41; Isaiah 27:1). The word leviathan has become synonymous with any large sea monster or creature. In the… …   Wikipedia

  • Leviathan — Léviathan Pour les articles homonymes, voir Léviathan (homonymie). La destruction du Léviathan, gravure de Gustave Doré, 1865 Le léviathan (de l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LÉVIATHAN — Nom (en hébreu: liwyatan ) d’un serpent mythique qu’on rencontre à plusieurs reprises dans la poésie hébraïque et biblique (Job, Psaumes, Isaïe). Sous ce nom et sous d’autres appellations, il appartient plus largement à la mythologie sémitique.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LEVIATHAN — (Heb. לִוְיָתָן, livyatan; Ugaritic ltn, presumably pronounced lōtanu, or possibly, lītanu). In the Bible and talmudic literature the leviathan denotes various marine animals, some real, others legendary, and others again both real and legendary …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Leviathan — Студийный альбом Mastodon Дата выпуска 31 август …   Википедия

  • leviathan — late 14c., sea monster, sea serpent, also regarded as a form of Satan, from L.L. leviathan, from Heb. livyathan dragon, serpent, huge sea animal, of unknown origin, perhaps related to liwyah wreath, from root l w h to wind, turn, twist. Of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Leviathan — Le*vi a*than (l[ e]*v[imac] [.a]*than), n. [Heb. livy[=a]th[=a]n.] [1913 Webster] 1. An aquatic animal, described in the book of Job, ch. xli., and mentioned in other passages of Scripture. [1913 Webster] Note: It is not certainly known what… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Leviathan — Leviathan, 1) in der Bibel wahrscheinlich das Krokodil, nach And. die vorweltliche Rieseneidechse (Megalosaurus); 2) (spr. Liveiaßhan, Great Eastern, spr. Gret Ihst rn), ein Riesendampfschiff, welches 1856–58, auf der Themse, unterhalb London,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Leviathan — Leviathan, heißt auch ein Rossesches Teleskop, s.u. Rosse …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Leviathan — Leviathan, s. Kammgarnspinnerei …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Leviathan — Leviāthan, im A. T. (Psalm 104, 26) und in den rabbinischen Legenden ein fabelhaftes Seeungeheuer, Hiob 40, 25 fg. das Krokodil; in der Wollwäscherei der meist aus Einweichbottich und 3 4 Bädern für Maschen und Spulen bestehende Maschinensatz …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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