Abaddon
(Apollyon)
   Angel of death, destruction, and the netherworld. The name Abaddon is derived from the Hebrew term for “to destroy” and means “place of destruction.” Apollyon is the Greek name. In MAGIC Abaddon is often equated with SATAN and SAMAEL. His name is evoked in conjuring spells for malicious deeds. Abaddon is the prince who rules the seventh hierarchy of DEMONs, the ERINYES, or Furies, who govern powers of evil, discord, war, and devastation. Originally, Abaddon was a place and not an angel or being. In rabbinic writings and the Old Testament, Abaddon is primarily a place of destruction and a name for one of the regions of Gehenna (see HELL). The term occurs six times in the Old Testament. In Proverbs 15:11 and 27:20, it is named with Sheol as a region of the underworld. In Psalm 88:11, Abaddon is associated with the grave and the underworld.
   In Job 26:6, Abaddon is associated with Sheol. Later, Job 28:22 names Abaddon and Death together, implying personified beings.
   In REVELATION 9:10, Abaddon is personified as the king of the abyss, the bottomless pit of hell. Revelation also cites the Greek version of the name, Apollyon, probably a reference to Apollo, Greek god of pestilence and destruction.
   FURTHER READING:
   - van der Toorn, Karel, Bob Becking, and Pieter W. van der Horst, eds. Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 1999.

Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. . 2009.

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  • Abaddon — (vom hebräisch abad „Untergang, Vertilgung, Abgrund“ über griech. abaton „Grube“). Schon im Alten Testament ist des Öfteren die Rede von Abaddon, immer im engen Zusammenhang mit dem Scheol (Hi 26,6 EU; 28,22 EU und Ps 88,11 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abaddon — (Hebrew אבדון Avaddon , meaning destruction ). In Biblical references ( Job 26:6; Proverbs 15:11), it comes to mean place of destruction , or the realm of the dead, and is associated with Sheol. Abaddon is also one of the compartments of… …   Wikipedia

  • Abaddon — • A Hebrew word signifying: ruin, destruction (Job 31:12); place of destruction; the Abyss, realm of the dead (Job 26:6; Proverbs 15:11) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abaddon     Abaddon …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abaddon — A*bad don ([.a]*b[a^]d d[u^]n), n. [Heb. [=a]badd[=o]n destruction, abyss, fr. [=a]bad to be lost, to perish.] 1. The destroyer, or angel of the bottomless pit; the same as Apollyon and Asmodeus. [1913 Webster] 2. Hell; the bottomless pit.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Abaddon — (hebr.), 1) Abgrund, nach rabbin. Sagen die tiefste Stelle der Hölle; 2) Engel des Verderbens, von Klopstock in der Messiade zum Abaddona benutzt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Abaddon — (hebr., »Verderben, Untergang«), dichterische Bezeichnung (Hiob 26, 6) für Totenreich, Unterwelt (Scheol), nach rabbinischen Sagen die tiefste Hölle; in der Offenbarung Johannis (9, 11) Name des obersten der Teufel und seiner Scharen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abaddon — (hebr., »Untergang«), im A. T. dichterisch für Unterwelt; Offenb. Joh. 9, 11 ein böser Engel (bei Klopstock im »Messias« Abadonna) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abaddon — Abaddon, hebr. = Vernichtung; im A. T. gleichbedeutend mit Scheol, Unterwelt, in Joh. Off. X, 11 Engel des Abgrundes, des Verderbens …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Abaddon —   [hebräisch »Untergang«],    1) Altes Testament: Metapher für die Totenwelt; gelegentlich auch personifiziert (z. B. Hiob 28, 22).    2) Neues Testament: der Engel des Verderbens (Offenbarung des Johannes 9, 11).    3) rabbinische Literatur: Ort …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abaddon — late 14c., used in Rev. ix:11 of the angel of the bottomless pit, and by Milton of the pit itself, from Heb. Abhaddon destruction, from abhadh he perished. The Greek form was APOLLYON (Cf. Apollyon) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Abaddon — [ə bad′ n] n. [Heb, destruction, abyss] Bible 1. the place of the dead; nether world: Job 26:6 2. in Revelation, the angel of the abyss; Apollyon: Rev. 9:11 …   English World dictionary

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