- Guazzo, Francesco-Maria
- (17th century)Italian friar and demonologist. Francesco-Maria Guazzo is best known as the author of Compendium Maleficarum (Handbook of Witches), a leading inquisitor’s guide published in 1608. Little is known about Guazzo’s life. He joined the Brethren of St. Ambrose ad Nemus and St. Barnabas in Milan. He wrote the Compendium over a three-year period in response to a request from Cardinal Federico Borromeo, Guazzo’s Compendium Maleficarum (AUTHOR’S COLLECTION) the archbishop of Milan. The book, published in 1608, draws upon the works of other demonologists and repeats some of the superstitions of the time, including the assertion that MARTIN LUTHER was born from the union of the DEVIL and a nun.Guazzo served as a judge and assessor in WITCHCRAFT trials. In 1605, he was sent to Cleves to advise in a case involving the serene duke John William of Julich-Cleves. The duke accused a 90-year-old warlock, John, of overlooking and ensorcelling him. John confessed that he used CHARMs and runes to afflict the duke with a wasting sickness and “frenzy.” He was found guilty and sentenced to be burned at the stake. Before the sentence could be carried out, John committed suicide by slicing his throat with a knife. According to Guazzo, the Devil himself stood at John’s side as he died. The duke asked Guazzo to assist in other witchcraft cases in Germany, and he did.The Compendium became the leading witch handbook in Italy and has been compared to the MALLEUS MALEFICARUM. Guazzo never achieved the personal fame of some of his contemporaries such as NICHOLAS REMY or JEAN BODIN, probably because he did not oversee witch trials and interrogations himself.FURTHER READING:- Guazzo, Francesco-Maria. Compendium Maleficarum. Secaucus, N.J.: University Books, 1974.
Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. Rosemary Ellen Guiley. 2009.
Look at other dictionaries:
Francesco Maria Guazzo — Francesco Maria Guazzo, aussi connu sous les noms Guaccio ou Guaccius (15?? 16??), était un prêtre italien à Milan. Il a écrit un livre, le Compendium Maleficarum, dans lequel il traite du sujet des sorcières en citant de nombreux… … Wikipédia en Français
Francesco Maria Guazzo — Francesco Maria Guazzo, aka Guaccio, aka Guaccius (15?? 16??) was an Italian priest in Milan. He wrote a book, the Compendium Maleficarum (Compendium of the Witches), in which he cited numerous experts on the subject, among them Nicholas Remy.He… … Wikipedia
Francesco Maria Guazzo — Francesco Maria Guazzo, también conocido como Guaccio o Guaccius (siglo XVI siglo XVII), fue un sacerdote italiano. Ejerció en Milán y escribió el libro Compendium Maleficarum ( Compendio de las brujas ), en el que hizo referencia a expertos en… … Wikipedia Español
Sinistrari, Lodovico Maria — (1622–1701) Franciscan theologian whose contribution to demonology is his work Demoniality, in which he examines sexual acts with DEMONs. Lodovico Sinistrari likened demons more to the LUTIN, or mischievous hobgoblin, than to evil servants of… … Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology
pact — A binding agreement with a DEMON or the DEVIL for gain and services beyond the power of nature, usually in exchange for one’s soul. The Devil’s pact is implied in biblical passages. In the book of Isaiah, the prophet Isaiah says, “For you… … Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology
Devil’s mark — A permanent mark made upon the body by the DEVIL as part of a PACT. Sometimes called a “witch’s mark,” the Devil’s mark was a telltale sign and damning evidence in the witch trials of the Inquisition. According to demonologists, the Devil… … Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology
sabbat — A wild party of witches, heretics, DEMONs, and the DEVIL in a remote location. The participants supposedly indulge in obscene behavior, orgies, gluttony, blasphemy, worship of the Devil, and the cannibalism of roasted infants. Use of the term… … Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology
succubus — A DEMON who takes the form of a beautiful woman in order to seduce men. The succubus, along with its male counterpart, the INCUBUS, appears in ancient mythologies. Succubi appear in the flesh as beautiful, voluptuous women. They visit men… … Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology
incubus — A lewd male DEMON who pursues women for sex. In Hebrew mythology, the incubus and his female counterpart, the SUCCUBUS, visit women and men in their sleep, lie and press heavily upon them, and seduce them. They can be conjured by witches,… … Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology
BIBLIOGRAPHY — Ahmad, Salim. Revealing the Mystery behind the World of Jinn. Booksurge.com: 2008. Amorth, Gabriele. An Exorcist Tells His Story. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1999. . An Exorcist: More Stories. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2002. Ankarloo,… … Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology