- (ca. 53)Legendary monk who made a Pact with the devil. The story of Theophilus was popular during the Middle Ages, especially because of its triumphant ending. It was written in various languages, was read at many churches, and was made into a drama, Le Miracle de Theophile, by Ruteboeuf, a 13th-century trouvere. Theophilus was bursar of the church of Adana in northern Cicilia. He was offered a bishopric. A modest man, he declined because he was afraid he could not do the job. The man who did become bishop took a perverse interest in tormenting and harassing Theophilus, even accusing him of sorcery. Theophilus lost his job. In revenge, he went to see Salatin, an “evil old Jew” who took Theophilus to a crossroads and conjured the Devil in an exotic language. The Devil offered revenge and the bishopric in exchange for Theophilus’ soul. Theophilus agreed, renounced Jesus and Mary, and signed a pact in his own blood.According to Le Miracle de Theophile, the pact read: To all who shall read this open letter, I, Satan, let know that the fortune of Theophilus is changed indeed, and that he has done me homage, so might he have once more his lordship, and that with the ring of his finger he has sealed this letter and with his blood written it, and no other ink has used therein.As satan promised, the church realized there was no evidence against Theophilus. The bishop was removed from his office and Theophilus installed in his stead. But Theophilus was not happy; he began to worry about spending eternity in hell. He started praying unceasingly to the Virgin Mary for help. She took pity on him and interceded with God, obtaining God’s pardon. The relieved Theophilus burned his pact, made a public confession, and lived the rest of his life piously and in peace. The moral of Theophilus’ story is that repentance and prayer will save a person from the snares of the Devil. See Faust.
Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. Rosemary Ellen Guiley. 2009.
Look at other dictionaries:
Theophilus — • Second century Bishop of Antioch • Patriarch of Alexandria (385 412) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Theophilus ♦ Theop … Catholic encyclopedia
Theophilus — (bzw. griechisch Theophilos, auch Theofilos umschrieben) ist ein Name, dessen Bedeutung aus dem Griechischen kommt. theós bedeutet Gott und philos bedeutet lieb bzw. freundlich, sprich Gottlieb. Bekannte Namensträger sind: Theophilos (Indo… … Deutsch Wikipedia
THEOPHILUS° — THEOPHILUS°. Josephus (Apion, 1:216) includes one Theophilus in a list of Greek authors who mentioned the Jews at some length and whose writings testify to the antiquity of the Jewish people. His date and nationality are unknown but he may be… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
THEOPHILUS — (Heb. Yedidiah), high priest from 37 to 41 C.E. Theophilus, the son of Hanan son of Seth, was appointed by Vitellius, the Roman governor of Syria, in place of his brother Jonathan (Jos., Ant., 18:123) and served in that office until removed by… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Theophilus — Theophĭlus, nach der Sage im 6. Jahrh. Bistumsverweser zu Adana, verschrieb sich dem Teufel, erhielt aber, sein Vergehen bereuend, durch Maria Begnadigung; kath. Gegenstück zur prot. Faustsage, seit dem 10. Jahrh. im Abendlande verbreitet und… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Theophilus — m New Testament: Latin form of the name of the addressee of St Luke s gospel and the Acts of the Apostles; also borne by various early saints. It is composed of the Greek elements theos god + philos friend, and was popular among early Christians… … First names dictionary
Theophilus — masc. proper name, Greek, lit. loved by the gods, from theos god (see THEA (Cf. Thea)) + philos loved, beloved see PHILE (Cf. phile)) … Etymology dictionary
Theophilus — Various people have been known by the name Theophilus or Theophilos, which means Friend of God in Greek, and is thus similar to the Latin word Amadeus PeopleArts* Teófilo Braga * Theophilus Cibber (1703–1758), English actor, playwright, author,… … Wikipedia
Theophilus — /thee of euh leuhs/, n. 1. a walled plain in the 4th quadrant of the face of the moon: about 65 mi. (105 km) in diameter. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Painter Theophilus Shickel Theophilus Presbyter Johannes Chrysostomus… … Universalium
THEOPHILUS — I. THEOPHILUS Archon Athenis, Olymp. 108. An. 1. II. THEOPHILUS Caesareae Palaestinae praesul, Severô imperante, librum in Marcionem edidit, tum alia quae ab Hieronymo commemorantur. Item Comicus antiquae comoediae; cuius fabulas enumerat Suidas … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale